Christians living in a dying and sinful world has never been easy nor will it become easy. Paul’s letter to the Romans gives Christians today, the essential truths to live in and keep a godly worldview. The book of Romans gives us a road map concerning creation. Creation began with Adam and through Adam came death and Christ came to atone for our fall and to give us life. (Romans 5:12-21) In relation of the Gentile world, Romans 1:25, “because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever!” God is that creator of everything and He is to be worshiped. Humanity is fallen, plain and simple. (Romans 3:23) In this fallen state humanity as a whole is deserving nothing short of an eternity in hell. (Romans 3:9-20)
This fallen state that the book of Romans speaks of is sin. Jew and Gentile alike, all are guilty of this sin. (Romans 1:16-3:20) The consequences of this sin is perfectly explained in Romans 6:23a, “For the wages of sin is death.” Through the grace of God we are not left to our own demise. Since the fall of man there has always been a perfect sacrifice to atone for sin and this was Jesus’ mission. (Romans 3:25-36; 8:3) Paul goes on to explain that sinners are now justified through faith in Jesus Christ. (Romans 10:9-10) Justification by definition means, “Divine, forensic act of God, based on the work of Christ upon the cross, whereby a sinner is pronounced righteous by the imputation of the righteousness of Christ. The doctrine of justification is developed most fully by the Apostle Paul as the central truth explaining how both Jew and Gentile can be made right before God on the exact same basis, that being faith in Jesus Christ.” Once a sinner believes upon the name of Jesus, the Holy Spirit will not only indwell but will be exhibited to the world and He will be a helper through the sinful world. (Romans 8) This is continual sanctification. God’s ultimate goals in all this, is to set His children free from sin, give His children glorified bodies, and for the earth to be restored to what He intended it to be from the beginning. (Romans 8:12-39)
“It was the practice of the apostle Paul to lay a foundation of the reality of God’s justification and then to build the ethical superstructure of his message to Christians on that solid foundation. The great reformer, Martin Luther, put it this way, ‘For being comes before doing, but being-acted-upon comes even before being.’” Ethics include words such as, hope, love, integrity, and honor. Romans 12:9-21, Paul goes deeper, describing love, rejoicing in hope, patient in affliction, always in prayer, humility, and always conquer evil with good.
The nature and attributes of God are sewn into the entire book of Romans. From the beginning God is a great God and no one is above Him. His love to send his only Son to die for our sins displays His righteousness. God extended His grace to the Gentiles, not just the Jews. The promises God gave were extraordinary, certainly undeserving from sinners. The book of Romans shows God’s holiness, immutability, omnipresent, omnipotent, omniscience, justice, and most of all, love!
In conclusion, for the book of Romans not to be written as a theological book, one cannot deny the simple truths that are given within the book, if one looks for them. For a Christian to develop their worldview, the book of Romans is a must to read and understand. Certainly, the thesis is Romans 1:16-17, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
Shields, Bruce. Romans: Unlocking the Scriptures for You. Cincinnati, OH: Standard Bible Studies, 1988.
White, James. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Justification. Edited by Chad Brand. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2003.
 James White, “Justification,” ed. Chad Brand et al., Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2003), 970.
 Bruce Shields, Romans: Unlocking the Scriptures for You, Standard Bible Studies (Cincinnati, OH: Standard, 1988), 125.